menu-icon menu-icon
Leadership and community
seegogImg

Muslims are a single community. Their affairs are not set right and their mission cannot be fulfilled unless certain requirements are met.


ONE: THE PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE

The Prophets says: ‘Whoever dies without having given a pledge of allegiance, dies in an un-Islamic condition’.

TWO: OBEDIENCE TOWARDS LEADERS IN WHAT IS REASONABLE

This includes participation in the pilgrimage with the rulers, whether they are pious or sinners, as well as Friday and Eid prayers. It further includes giving them sincere advice, and referring any dispute to Allah’s book and the Prophet’s Sunnah.
Allah says : Believers, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those from among you who have been entrusted with authority.

If you are in dispute over anything, refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you truly believe in Allah and the Last Day. This is the best [for you], and most suitable for final determination’.

Muslims are a single community. Thier affairs are not set right and thier mission cannot be fullfilled unless certain requirement are met. are a single community. Thier affairs are not set right and thier mission cannot be fullfilled unless certain requirement are met.

seegogImg
70 Related by Muslim, 1851.

Three : the pledge of allegance

This is ture even if the ruler is unjust.

However, the prohibition does not apply when the ruler commits clear disbelief that is confirmed with irrefutable evidence.
This is based on the hadith narrated by [Ubadah ibn al-Samit: ‘The Prophet called us and we gave him our pledges.

He stipulated in our pledges certain things including that “we listen and obey, when we are willing or unwilling, in comfortable or straitened circumstances, and in preference to ourselves.”
We must not try to replace rulers, unless we see clear disbelief that is proven with irrefutable evidence from Allah’.

The Prophet also said to his companions: ‘After I am gone, you shall witness selfishness and other matters that you disapprove of’.

It must be obvious, which means that it is publicly known. If the disbelief is hidden, revolt is not justified.

This means that rebellion against rulers is unlawful

This means that rebellion against rulers

shape

Certainty that the rulers have gone to disbelief, based on seeing with one’s own eyes or knowing with absolute certainty. The Prophet said: ‘unless you see …’ This excludes knowledge based on reports.

It must be a clear-cut case of disbelief. Transgression is not sufficient to justify revolt.

It must be obvious, which means that it is publicly known. If the disbelief is hidden, revolt is not justified.

There must be confirmation of disbelief with irrefutable evidence. The Prophet clearly mentions the need for such irrefutable evidence and this excludes any case of doubt or controversy.

It must be a clear-cut case of disbelief. Transgression is not sufficient to justify revolt.

Sufficient power.

Revolt is not permissible in case of weakness, even if the abovementioned conditions are all met. To revolt in such a situation may lead to the annihilation of Muslims.

Allah says: ‘Are you not aware of those who have been told, Hold back your hands [from fighting], and attend regularly to prayer, and pay your zakat?”

When, at length, the order for fighting was issued to them, some of them stood in awe of men as one should stand in awe of Allah – or in even greater awe’.

(4: 77)
 

Thus, the believers were commanded to remain peaceful when they were weak, but when they had the power, fighting was ordered.

seegogImg
70 Related by Muslim, 1851.

The people of badr

All of them were people of high integrity, because Allah chose them to be the companions of His Prophet.

Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger; and those who are with him are firm and unyielding towards the unbelievers, full of mercy towards one another.